Space Hose Dimensions

Space Hose Horizontal Cross Section 2
R = 0.5 cm, r = 0.475 cm, with no need for increasing diameter outward to create counterweight effect, as launch of heavy “bulb” or Ferris Wheels to become the very CW 60,000 miles away, causing inward push from torque is necessary backup. CNT-PVP/silicone wall thickness is at least 0.5-1.0 mm. The “pinching” effect of rollers from the elevator give hose elliptical ribbon shape, giving elevator more leverage, with need for rollers only in one direction. Repairs on tubes that may puncture with loss of very small H2 molecules are easily done when you have 2 backup hoses, as one must consider wear, stress, and strain from elevator rollers and meteorites. But with a constant slack in the hose, the elasticity and therefore durability of the hose from meteorite strikes is greater. As the diameter goes up with a fixed wall thickness, the weight, per unit length, goes up by  Π x (R^2 – r^2) x Length, so a bigger diameter hose, with a bigger inner diameter for more fuel transport , goes up in fuel weight by r^2, increasing at more of a rate than R^2 – r^2 (R – r = constant), so the average density of the SH becomes less, with more of a pinched gripping effect for rollers, and more elastic. A bigger hose may be worth the extra number of rocket launches

Kevlar was once considered as a cheaper, more readily available exclusive substitute for CNT, with more elasticity, but because conventional Kevlar has about 1/18 the tensile strength/density ratio of CNT (3.62 GPa vs. 62 GPa), it would be impractical as a non-hose cable, because of the extra weight required to overcome breaking length limitations. The proposed new filler for a dense carbon matrix – PVP or providone, and possibly silicone, both with a melting point of 300° to withstand the temperature of outer space, 250°, and are non-H2 permeable. Both have about the same density, 1.2 g/cm^3 for PVP, and 1.1 g/cm^3 for silicone. The break would most likely occur in the middle, which can be thicker, but would require 2.4 to 2,441-times more dense a cross-sectional region, based on the “free breaking length” which is the length the equivalent solid cylinder that would break under it’s own gravity, even with a breaking length at 1/10 the total distance, yielding the 2,441 figure. Software modeling/simulations cannot develop a solid cableCross section view od SEaCCIMT concept, low-weight and affordable enough, where you can assure safety from too-many possible bottle-necks. The increase in the size of hose, which need not be 2,441 more dense thanks to fuel emission outward during near-apogee, can slowly become smaller out toward the CW orbit. In addition to the threat of a longer hose assembly breaking because of a potential delay of H2 and O2, solar-powered “Ferris Wheels” (see below) will provide some of the necessary backup. The CW can be a second space station, like the one at GEO. Multi-threading was another proposal, well beyond the three I proposed, but too many threads if solid cylinders are required for a reasonably small elevator presenting great expense, time delays, and most importantly, you’re just increasing the weight-centrifugal force opposition by the factor of the same additional threads. Three times the number of rocket payloads, with the first hose/cable necessary for one of three of six sides of

Woven hose
Woven graphene hose. 1 TPa, so strong enough without breaking in any direction, with long history because of elasticity.

the elevator (skip each corner of hexagon), are unnecessary as the additional two hose/cables can be dragged from the earth base-station that can thread the additional two “corners” of the hexagonal outer-elevator and guarantee longer hose/cable-complex lifespan, most importantly, it means maximum safety. Unless the hose thickens outward to capitalize on centrifugal force, there will be a need for a large counterweight (CW) that must be launched as usable dead weight at the end, under Side View of SEaCCIMT60,000 miles away from earth unless it is uniform), with elevator missions as the best option for dragging additional cables, even if CW has not be created, as rocket fuel can eject emissions as backup, toward earth at GEO until more elevator missions extend cable outward from GEO, and then inward toward Earth to complete third segment, until CW-effect is completed, eliminating more rocket launches. It’s predecessor can be mass-produced as wireless coaxial cables for cable TV/Internet are now ramping up in China (and we can consolidate industries because

Space Hose cross section
Polymer (Kevlar/PVP/silicone) hose, reinforced, or impregnated with 100 nm CNT tubing. Walls can be as little as 0.5 mm thick, and non-gas-permeable, for total diameter of preferably 3 mm but very low total density for low weight, high inner-diameter for maximum flow of matter, and low number of launches to complete section up to GEO. CNT in it’s natural state is a cylinder, with 100 nm diameter fibers extremely strong, but could be grown in Kevlar/PVP/silicone with inner diameter any size desired
CC with Braided CNT in the Middle
A less expensive alternative using 20-50 cm long CNT tubes available now, in a pure, easily accessible Kevlar coaxial cable, which has about the same density, but a lot more tensile strength. However, if reinforced in the very center with braided long CNTs, it will never be stretched to its limit. Here, the chain is as strong as the strongest link, not the weakest

much needed satellites for thousands of applications will use cable as back-up, but fear of the “dark angel” threat makes satellites that much more necessary and profitable. But the miracle of CNT for many applications, like football helmets, strong and lightweight means you don’t have to sacrifice head injuries for neck injuries, and vice versa, engines and other parts for cars, $4,000 1,000 square foot houses, etc., made possible with 3D printers, we can capitalize with our weighted-average industrial democracy corporation (IDC) in the making for instant cash-flow even before the SH and elevators deploy with the many profitable satellite missions that bring in possibly the highest return-on-investment ever!

Elasticity Historesis

Hysteresis (above) or elastic history of any substance. No substance is 100% elastic or brittle, everything is slightly ductile. So while a single crystal graphene hose or cylinder will not break at first, over time it will, unless you use backup from rockets and spinning Ferris or “Kuprick” wheels creating inward torque.